Compliance and governance Definitions

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  • A

    ANSI (American National Standards Institute)

    ANSI, American National Standards Institute, organization for fostering, development of technology standards, industry groups, International Organization for Standardization, ISO, International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC, computer standards, American Standard Code, Information Interchange, ASCI, Small Computer System Interface, SCSI, what is, definition, term, glossary

  • ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers)

    ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) is an organization devoted to the advancement of indoor-environment-control technology in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) industry

  • C

    CADE (Corporate Average Data center Efficiency)

    CADE (Corporate Average Data center Efficiency) is a metric used to rate the overall energy efficiency of an organization's data centers. CADE was introduced in a joint Uptime Institute and McKinsey report that proposed the metric as a single key performance indicator that could be used to compare the energy consumption of one data center against another. CADE combines measurements of the energy efficiency and utilization of IT equipment and facilities into a single percentage. (Continued...)

  • D

    Data Center Infrastructure Efficiency (DCiE)

    Data Center Infrastructure Efficiency (DCiE) is a metric used to determine the energy efficiency of a data center. The metric, which is expressed as a percentage, is calculated by dividing IT equipment power by total facility power.

  • data center services

    Data center services is a collective term for the supporting components necessary for the proper operation of a repository for storage, management and dissemination of data organized around a body of knowledge or pertaining to an enterprise... (Continued)

  • E

    e-cycling

    E-cycling is the practice of reusing, or distributing for reuse, electronic equipment and components rather than discarding them at the end of their life cycle.

  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

    Following specific standards, EDI is a way for businesses to securely transfer important data, such as invoices and purchase orders, via the Internet.

  • Energy Star

    Energy Star is a government-backed labeling program that helps people and organizations save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by identifying factories, office equipment, home appliances and electronics that have superior energy efficiency. (Continued...)

  • epoch

    In a computing context, an epoch is the date and time relative to which a computer's clock and timestamp values are determined.

  • Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL)

    The Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) is a grade assigned to an IT product or system after completing a Common Criteria security evaluation.

  • G

    green computing

    Green computing is the use of computers and related resources in an environmentally responsible manner. This involves the implementation of energy-efficient central processing units (CPUs), servers and peripherals as well as proper disposal of electronic waste (e-waste)... (Continued)

  • I

    information technology (IT)

    Information technology (IT) is the use of any computers, storage, networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data.

  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

    ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies.

  • ISO 50001 (International Organization for Standardization 50001)

    ISO 50001 is a standard for designing, implementing and maintaining an energy management system.

  • ISO 9000

    (For the business server line from Hewlett-Packard, see HP 9000.) ISO 9000 is a series of standards, developed and published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), that define, establish, and maintain an effective quality assurance system for manufacturing and service industries.

  • ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library)

    The ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) is a framework designed to standardize the selection, planning, delivery and maintenance of IT services within a business.

  • L

    LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design)

    LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)... (Continued)

  • lights-out management (LOM)

    Lights-out management (LOM) is the ability for a system administrator to monitor and manage servers by remote control.

  • Linpack benchmark

    The Linpack benchmark is a method of measuring the floating point rate of execution of a computer by running a program that solves a system of linear equations.

  • M

    Management and Operations (M&O) Stamp of Approval

    The Management and Operations (M&O) Stamp of Approval from the Uptime Institute is a certification of the critical facilities and management operations procedures of a data center.

  • O

    OS/390

    OS/390 is the IBM operating system most commonly installed on its S/390 line of mainframe server.

  • P

    Paris Agreement

    The Paris Agreement is an international treaty that seeks to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. The agreement is sponsored by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and seeks to limit temperature increases in the 21st century to below 2 degrees Celsius.

  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E)

    PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.

  • R

    raceway

    A raceway is an enclosed conduit that forms a physical pathway for electrical wiring... (Continued)

  • S

    statistical mean, median, mode and range

    Calculating the mean, median, mode and range of a set of numbers allows you to track changes over time and set acceptable ranges and variance. Here's how to find your data's mean, median, mode or range, and what it tells you.

  • Systems Network Architecture (SNA)

    SNA is a proprietary IBM architecture and set of implementing products for network computing within an enterprise.

  • T

    TIA-942

    TIA-942 is a standard developed by the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) to define guidelines for planning and building data centers, particularly with regard to cabling systems and network design...(Continued)

  • W

    wireless sensor network (WSN)

    A wireless sensor network is a group of specialized transducers with a communications infrastructure that uses radio to monitor and record physical or environmental conditions.

  • workload

    In computing, the workload is the amount of processing that the computer has been given to do at a given time.

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