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Cloud infrastructure offerings increased in resiliency in 2015, assuaging the fears of many businesses looking to switch some applications or transition production IT entirely to the cloud. Enterprises want to save money while retaining the same performance, which cloud providers aim to deliver. Granted, 2015 wasn’t a perfect year.
While evaluating cloud providers’ reliability is difficult since there are few independent data sources, it is not impossible. SearchCloudComputing created a general assessment of cloud infrastructure performance in 2015 by combining a few sources of data, including a CloudHarmony snapshot of cloud provider performance over a 30-day period and Nasuni’s reports on the cloud providers that it uses.
In February 2015, Google’s infrastructure as a service offering Google Compute Engine (GCE) experienced a global outage for over two hours. The outage was at its peak for forty minutes, during which outbound traffic from GCE experienced 70% loss of flows.
Months later, Amazon Web Services (AWS) experienced outages over a weekend in September that affected content delivery giant Netflix and throttled service for other U.S.-East-1 region AWS users while recovery efforts took place. Compared to previous years when AWS experienced some major outages, 2015’s cloud problems were definitely less major, more of a slowdown than a full stop. However, the list of AWS services affected was longer than the list of services unaffected.
Is Colo the Way to Go?
Even though offerings from cloud providers are improving, some companies found that the cloud just couldn’t handle their business needs. Since 2011, Groupon has been moving away from the cloud and to a colocation provider. Cost drove the online deals company towards running its own data center IT, with its enterprise needs covered in nearly every area, from databases and storage to hosting virtual machines.
However, colocation providers aren’t free of problems. A study of the costs of data center outages from Emerson and Ponemon Institutes found that UPS system failure accounted for a fourth of all unplanned outages, while cybercrime rose from 2% of outages in 2010 to 22% in 2016.
Verizon’s recent data center outage that took airline company JetBlue offline for three hours and grounded flights highlights the importance of failover plans and redundant power. Verizon, which runs its own data centers for its telecom business, is a surprising sufferer in this outage scenario, according to some observers.
Companies that run owned data centers aren’t free from the same problems that plague cloud and colocation data centers, from stale diesel fuel to poor disaster recovery planning in advance of an attack, error or natural disaster. Data center IT staff must consider how much oversight they have over potential problem areas, and how much control they want — or can have — over the outage and how it is resolved. Visibility into the outage and its aftermath also will vary from provider to provider.