Server hardware Definitions

  • J

    Job Entry Subsystem (JES)

    Job Entry Subsystem (JES) is a subsystem of the OS/390 and MVS mainframe operating systems that manages 'jobs' (units of work) that the system does. Each job is described to the operating job control language (JCL).

  • M

    motherboard tattoo

    A motherboard tattoo is a unique code that can be written in the basic input/output system (BIOS) of a computer to ensure that system restore or diagnostic compact discs (CDs) will work only on the machine or line of machines with which the CDs are sold.

  • multi-core processor

    A multi-core processor is an integrated circuit (IC) to which two or more processors have been attached for enhanced performance, reduced power consumption, and more efficient simultaneous processing of multiple tasks.

  • multiprocessing

    Multiprocessing is the coordinated processing of programs by more than one computer processor.

  • O

    OpenPower Foundation

    The OpenPower Foundation is an organization in which IBM shares its Power microprocessor technology with licensed members.

  • out-of-order execution (OoOE)

    Out-of-order execution (OoOE) is an approach to processing that allows instructions for high-performance microprocessors to begin execution as soon as their operands are ready.

  • P

    Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E)

    PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.

  • pizza box server

    The term "pizza box server" refers to the shape of a computer server enclosed in a rectangular and horizontally-arranged chassis and often installed in a rack with similar servers.

  • power cycling

    Power cycling is the process of turning hardware off and then turning it on again. In the data center, technicians use power cycling to test the durability and reliability of network components.

  • power usage effectiveness (PUE)

    Power usage effectiveness (PUE) is a metric used to determine the energy efficiency of a data center. PUE is determined by dividing the amount of power entering a data center by the power used to run the computer infrastructure within it. (Continued...)

  • R

    RAIN (redundant/reliable array of inexpensive/independent nodes)

    RAIN (also called channel bonding, redundant array of independent nodes, reliable array of independent nodes, or random array of independent nodes) is a cluster of nodes connected in a network topology with multiple interfaces and redundant storage, providing fault tolerance and graceful degradation.

  • S

    server blade

    A server blade is a thin, modular electronic circuit board containing one, two, or more microprocessors and memory, that is intended for a single, dedicated application (such as serving Web pages) and that can be easily inserted into a blade server, which is a space-saving rack with many similar servers. One product offering, for example, makes it possible to install up to 280 blade server modules vertically in multiple racks or rows of a single floor-standing cabinet. Blade servers, which share a common high-speed bus, are designed to create less heat and thus save energy costs as well as space.

  • server consolidation

    Server consolidation is an approach to the efficient usage of computer server resources in order to reduce the total number of servers or server locations that an organization requires.

  • server sprawl

    Server sprawl is a situation in which multiple, under-utilized servers take up more space and consume more resources than can be justified by their workload.

  • single point of failure (SPOF)

    A single point of failure (SPOF) is a potential risk posed by a flaw in the design, implementation or configuration of a circuit or system in which one fault or malfunction causes an entire system to stop operating.

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