Application performance management Definitions

  • A

    abend (abnormal end)

    An abend (a combining of two words, abnormal end, when operator messages were as short as possible) is an abnormal, rather than planned, end or termination of a computer program because of some problem with how it is running.

  • ANSI (American National Standards Institute)

    ANSI, American National Standards Institute, organization for fostering, development of technology standards, industry groups, International Organization for Standardization, ISO, International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC, computer standards, American Standard Code, Information Interchange, ASCI, Small Computer System Interface, SCSI, what is, definition, term, glossary

  • B

    back-end

    Front-end and back-end are terms used to characterize program interfaces and services relative to the initial user of these interfaces and services.

  • C

    CICS (Customer Information Control System)

    CICS (Customer Information Control System) is an online transaction processing (OLTP) program from IBM that, together with the COBOL programming language, has formed over the past several decades the most common set of tools for building customer transaction applications in the world of large enterprise mainframe computing.

  • computer-intensive

    Computer-intensive is a term that applies to any computing application that requires the resources of a lot of computers, such as grid computing.

  • D

    data center services

    Data center services is a collective term for the supporting components necessary for the proper operation of a repository for storage, management and dissemination of data organized around a body of knowledge or pertaining to an enterprise... (Continued)

  • E

    event forwarding

    Event forwarding is the transmission of information to a centralized computer concerning events that take place on remote computers or servers... (Continued)

  • I

    IMS (Information Management System)

    IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968. Since then, IMS has gone through many changes in adapting to new programming tools and environments.

  • S

    screen scraping

    Screen scraping is programming that translates between legacy application programs (written to communicate with now generally obsolete input/output devices and user interfaces) and new user interfaces so that the logic and data associated with the legacy programs can continue to be used.

  • U

    Uptime Institute, Inc.

    The Uptime Institute, Inc. is a consortium of companies devoted to maximizing efficiency and uptime in data centers and IT (information technology) organizations... (Continued)

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